Sector coupling defined: Waste-to-Hydrogen-to-X

Hydrogen from local waste and biomass create unique sector coupling opportunities between municipal waste treatment, energy supply and transportation services. By integrate these services to deliver emission free public transport, grid-independent speed charging, local power grid support, and even clean water.

Hydrogen is a key energy vector to move away from polluting and inefficient combustion-based energy towards clean and efficient electrification. Distributed thermochemical recycling of non-recyclable waste allows Boson to deliver high and predictable volumes of local Hydrogen. This at a quality and price that can compete head-on with diesel and fossil Hydrogen, while at the same time radically cutting emissions and creating additional sector coupling synergies, like grid-independent Hydrogen-powered speed charging.

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Hydrogen that stands out from the crowd

Direct Hydrogen from waste has many advantages compared to other production solutions. Benefits include the abundance of local waste and biomass, the 24/7 production and availability, the climate mitigation from being carbon negative, the positive environmental impact, the system efficiency gains, the light distribution infrastructure, the diesel-parity price, and the resulting profitability, local energy security and quality of life of all these benefits combined.

There is also no need to wait for decades for technology breakthroughs or renewables to get cheap enough – the technology is ready and we are rolling out the first flagship projects with leading partners and customers now.

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Truly carbon negative Hydrogen

Circular Hydrogen from waste and biomass is the most cost efficient way to achieve carbon negative Hydrogen. Landfills emit the greenhouse gas methane and waste incineration emits CO2 mixed into its flue gases. and capturing that CO2 is very expensive. Boson’s technology makes it possible to capture the CO2 straight from the thermochemical process, allowing for a carbon negative footprint at an attractive cost.

Comparing with other Hydrogen sources; conventional fossil Hydrogen from natural gas has a big carbon footprint – that carbon capture can reduce but not more. Hydrogen from electrolysis with renewable electricity has very low carbon footprint, but it is still positive over the lifecycle. As a consequence, they will both offer a reduced carbon footprint but neither will contribute to reversing carbon emissions by being carbon negative.

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Municipal services before Hydrogen from Waste

In most cases today, municipal services like Waste Management, Energy and Transportation are  delivered with minimal coordination and synergies. Fossil fuel dependence and environmental footprints are typically large. These include toxic and hazardous ash from waste incineration; emissions of CO2, NOx, PM and noise from both waste management and public transportation.

Meeting environmental requirements, reducing system stress and achieving cost efficiency is difficult for these services individually, but to be fair, the opportunities for synergies are also quite limited. One can imagine installing large amounts of wind generator to power electric buses, but the CAPEX for a system with wind generation, storage, grid additions for transmission and distribution, storage for speed charging, and the charging itself is simply astronomical. Not to talk about the system inefficiencies and footprint of rare materials.

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Municipal sector coupling with Hydrogen from Waste

Boson’s Hydrogen Ecosystem model can integrate the municipal services through sector coupling. Zero-emission public transport, commercial transport and port operations. Boson serves a mix of Hydrogen from local waste, either direct or as grid-independent speed charging from Hydrogen, to avoid grid stress and power curtailing issues. Heat from heat pumps rather than burning waste. No incineration also means radically reduced emissions and water stress.

That sums up to a carbon negative municipality with clean air, high quality of life and solid local energy security for both people and businesses.

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A sustainable and reliable commodity

In addition to being carbon negative, the crucial benefits of Hydrogen from Waste compared to other Hydrogen production methods are that it efficiently brings local waste and biomass into local circular economies – allowing for local delivery of important and flexible volumes of Hydrogen with high availability and high quality at a competitive price.

It fulfills the conditions of a sustainable commodity necessary to build trust in a local Hydrogen ecosystem – while at the same time having a very low dependence on large-scale Hydrogen transport, imports and geopolitics. Used for speed charging and grid stability, it doesn't even require Hydrogen vehicles to play a role – making it the chicken AND the egg solution for the Hydrogen transition.