Sector coupling defined: Waste-to-Hydrogen-to-X

Hydrogen from local waste and biomass create unique sector coupling opportunities between municipal waste treatment, energy supply and transportation services. By integrate these services to deliver emission free public transport, grid-independent speed charging, local power grid support, and even clean water.

Hydrogen is a key energy vector to move away from polluting and inefficient combustion-based energy towards clean and efficient electrification. Distributed thermochemical recycling of non-recyclable waste allows Boson to deliver high and predictable volumes of local Hydrogen. This at a quality and price that can compete head-on with diesel and fossil Hydrogen, while at the same time radically cutting emissions and creating additional sector coupling synergies, like grid-independent Hydrogen-powered speed charging.

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Hydrogen that stands out from the crowd

Direct Hydrogen from waste has many advantages compared to other production solutions. Benefits include the abundance of local waste and biomass, the 24/7 production and availability, the climate mitigation from being carbon negative, the positive environmental impact, the system efficiency gains, the light distribution infrastructure, the diesel-parity price, and the resulting profitability, local energy security and quality of life of all these benefits combined.

There is also no need to wait for decades for technology breakthroughs or renewables to get cheap enough – the technology is ready and we are rolling out the first flagship projects with leading partners and customers now.

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Truly carbon negative Hydrogen

Circular Hydrogen from waste and biomass is the most cost efficient way to achieve carbon-negative Hydrogen. Landfills emit the greenhouse gas methane and waste incineration emits CO2 mixed into its flue gases. Capturing that CO2 is very expensive. Boson captures the CO2 straight from the thermochemical process, allowing for a carbon-negative footprint at an attractive cost.

Conventional fossil Hydrogen from natural gas has a big carbon footprint and carbon capture can reduce that, but not more. Hydrogen from electrolysis with renewable electricity has a very low carbon footprint, but it is still positive. As a consequence, neither will reverse carbon emissions by being carbon-negative.

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Municipal services before Hydrogen from Waste

Today, Waste Management, Energy and Transportation are typically delivered with minimal synergies, high fossil fuel dependence and large environmental footprints. These include toxic ash from waste incineration and emissions of CO2, NOx and Particulates from incineration and transport.

To be fair, opportunities for affordable synergies are quite limited with legacy solutions. YOu can install wind turbines to power electric buses, but the capex for a full system with generation, storage, grid and charging is very high. Not to talk about the system inefficiencies, footprint of rare materials and that it still has a CO2 footprint. But there are ways to do this...

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Municipal sector coupling with Hydrogen from Waste

Boson’s Hydrogen Ecosystem model integrates municipal services through sector coupling. It delivers Hydrogen from local waste, either direct or as grid-independent speed charging from Hydrogen – to avoid grid stress and power curtailing issues. It provides local zero-emission public transport, commercial transport and port operations. No incineration also means radically reduced pollution and water stress.

That adds up to a carbon-negative municipality with clean air, high quality of life and local energy security for both people and businesses.

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A sustainable and reliable commodity

In addition to being carbon negative, the crucial benefits of Hydrogen from Waste compared to other Hydrogen production methods are that it efficiently brings local waste and biomass into local circular economies – allowing for local delivery of important and flexible volumes of Hydrogen with high availability and high quality at a competitive price.

It fulfills the conditions of a sustainable commodity necessary to build trust in a local Hydrogen ecosystem – while at the same time having a very low dependence on large-scale Hydrogen transport, imports and geopolitics. Used for speed charging and grid stability, it doesn't even require Hydrogen vehicles to play a role – making it the chicken AND the egg solution for the Hydrogen transition.